5 ways smoking hurts your heart

smokingInfographic

University of Michigan cardiologist Dr. G. Michael Deeb wants his patients to know something: Nicotine is toxic not only to the lungs but also to the heart. “When most patients think of the dangers of smoking, they think about the lungs,” says Dr. Deeb. “But cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in Michigan, and smoking is accelerating the problem.”

According to the American Heart Association, as many as 30 percent of all coronary heart disease deaths in the United States each year are attributable to cigarette smoking, and the more you smoke, the greater your risk. But even people who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease. Continue reading

Important anticoagulant precautions

Vitamin K and aspirin can have a critical impact on blood-thinning meds

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Blood-thinning medications can be impacted by vitamin K and aspirin-containing products.

The formation of a clot in the body is a complex process that involves multiple substances called “clotting factors.” Clotting factors are proteins made in the liver. Some of these proteins, however, cannot be created without vitamin K, a common vitamin found in:

  • cabbage
  • cauliflower
  • spinach
  • other leafy green vegetables

Because anticoagulants such as warfarin (also known as Coumadin® or Jantoven®) slow clot formation by competing with vitamin K, it’s important to maintain a consistent daily intake of vitamin K and to be aware of anticoagulant precautions. Each person’s warfarin dosage is related to the amount of vitamin K in his or her body. If you overload your system with vitamin K, you override the effectiveness of the blood-thinning medication. Continue reading