Have you ever wondered why the moon looks like Swiss cheese, all covered with huge holes? These holes are called craters, and they are formed when a meteorite impacts a planet or moon. Meteorite is just a fancy name that scientists give to meteors that crash into something!
There are many impact craters on the Earth and the moon that scientists can look at to study meteorites. By studying the size and shape of the crater, these scientists are able to determine how big the meteorite that made it was! This is something that you can learn to do yourself!
Watching a meteor shower is a great way to get started in astronomy. The only thing you need is a clear sky, though a dark sky is also helpful.
The Perseid meteor shower in August is one of the best ones to watch. It is a fairly active shower, and the August nights are some of the warmest, though you are still going to want a coat or sleeping bag.
Meteors tend to travel long distances across the sky, so using something like a telescope is actually a bad idea. Telescopes limit you to only a tiny piece of the sky, and you want to see as much as possible.
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